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Depression Among Asian American Students

COVID-19 and Mental Health

COVID-19 and Racism

Suicide and Self Harm

More translations coming soon!

Suicide and Self Harm Among Koreans

Alcohol Use Disorder

More translations coming soon!


Fact Sheet Coordinators

Jang Cho, Maya Son, Jobi Tat Shing Yeung

Depression Fact Sheet

Authors Justin Chen, Cindy Chou, Rohit Chandra, Hannah Park, Rebecca Tsai, Tiantian White, Jobi Tat Shing Yeung, Belle Yu Translation Credits Korean Translation: Hannah Park, Jean Cho, Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Sarah Song, Yisook Baik Chinese Translation: Yuan Hu, Yi Yang, Jobi Tat Shing Yeung References

  • American College Health Association. (2017). National College Health Assessment: Spring 2017 Reference Group Data Report. Retrieved from http://www.acha-ncha.org/docs/NCHA-II_SPRING_2017_REFERENCE_GROUP_DATA_REPORT.pdf
  • American Psychological Association. (2014). Suicide Among Asian-Americans. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/ethnicity-health/asian-american/suicide.aspx
  • Depressiontoolkit.org. (2017). Manage Depression and Take Care of Yourself - U-M Depression Toolkit. Retrieved from http://www.depressiontoolkit.org/takecare/
  • Kalibatseva, Z., & Leong, F. T. L. (2011). Depression among Asian Americans: Review and Recommendations. Depression Research and Treatment, 2011, 320902. http://doi.org/10.1155/2011/320902
  • Kim, J. M., & López, S. R. (2014). The expression of depression in Asian Americans and European Americans. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123, 754-763.
  • Lerner, D., Adler, D. A., Rogers, W. H., Chang, g, Lapitsky, L., McLaughlin, T., & Reed, J. (2010). Work Performance of Employees with Depression: The Impact of Work Stressors. American Journal of Health Promotion, 24, 205–213. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.090313-QUAN-103
  • Lopizzo, N., Bocchio Chiavetto, L., Cattane, N., Plazzotta, G., Tarazi, F. I., Pariante, C. M., ... & Cattaneo, A. (2015). Gene–environment interaction in major depression: focus on experience-dependent biological systems. Frontiers in psychiatry, 6, 68.
  • Lupien, S. J., McEwen, B. S., Gunnar, M. R., & Heim, C. (2009). Effects of stress throughout the lifespan on the brain, behaviour and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10, 434–445. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn2639
  • McCarthy, A. E., Young, J. F., Benas, J. S., & Gallop, R. J. (2017). School-Related Outcomes From a Randomized Controlled Trial of Adolescent Depression Prevention Programs. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 106342661771773. https://doi.org/10.1177/1063426617717739
  • McTernan, W. P., Dollard, M. F., & LaMontagne, A. D. (2013). Depression in the workplace: An economic cost analysis of depression-related productivity loss attributable to job strain and bullying. Work & Stress, 27, 321–338. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2013.846948
  • Monroe, S. M., & Simons, A. D. (1991). Diathesis-stress theories in the context of life stress research: implications for the depressive disorders. Psychological Bulletin, 110, 406-425.
  • Office of Minority Mental Health. (2016). Retrieved from http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/templates/content.aspx?ID=6476
  • Rehman, U. S., Evraire, L. E., Karimiha, G., & Goodnight, J. A. (2015). Actor‐partner effects and the differential roles of depression and anxiety in intimate relationships: A cross‐sectional and longitudinal analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71, 715-724. doi:10.1002/jclp.22162
  • Roshanaei-Moghaddam, B., Katon, W. J., & Russo, J. (2009). The longitudinal effects of depression on physical activity. General Hospital Psychiatry, 31, 306–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2009.04.002
  • Ryder, A. G., Yang, J., & Heine, S. J. (2002). Somatization vs. psychologization of emotional distress: A paradigmatic example for cultural psychopathology. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.9707/2307-0919.1080
  • SAMHSA. (2016). 2015 SAMHSA National Survey on Drug Use and Health Mental Health Findings. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-DR-FFR3-2015/NSDUH-DR-FFR3-2015.htm
  • Spencer, M. S., Chen, J., Gee, G. C., Fabian, C. G., & Takeuchi, D. T. (2010). Discrimination and mental health–related service use in a national study of Asian Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 2410-2417.
  • World Health Organization. (2017). Depression. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs369/en/

COVID-19 and Mental Health

Authors Kimberly Hsiung, MD, Lauren Lin, Annie Yan, Joshua Ong. Jang Cho, MD & Justin Chen, MD Translation Credits Chinese: Shilei Zhang, Joyce Wang Korean: Han Shin Lee, Yesie Yoon, MD Japanese: Kotaro Tsutsumi, Eri Shoji, MD, Takashi Matsuki, MD Vietnamese: Lan Ho, Thanh Phan, MinhAn Nguyen, & Catherine Vuky, PhD References

  • https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus
  • https://asm.org/Articles/2020/January/2019-Novel-Coronavirus-2019-nCoV-Update-Uncoating
  • https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/who-china-joint-mission-on-covid-19-final-report.pdf
  • https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/when-and-how-to-use-masks
  • https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/specific-groups/high-risk-complications.html
  • https://drive.google.com/file/d/1gkrjw4tfOQLoF_T2YztgExtzexGi0jNX/view
  • https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/share-facts.html
  • https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/managing-stress-anxiety.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fabout%2Fcoping.html
  • https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  • https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/transmission.html
  • https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/when-and-how-to-use-masks
  • https://www.mghstudentwellness.org/covid-19-parentsyouth

COVID-19 and Racism

Authors Kimberly Hsiung, MD. Krystal Wang, Yunzhuo Liu, MA, Jang Cho, MD, & Justin Chen, MD Translation Credits Chinese: Krystal Wang, Yunzhuo Liu, MA, Joyce Wang Korean: Seung Mi Lee, Yesie Yoon, MD Japanese: Kotaro Tsutsumi, Eri Shoji, MD, Takashi Matsuki, MD Vietnamese: Lan Ho, Thanh Phan, MinhAn Nguyen, & Catherine Vuky, PhD References

  • https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/racism
  • https://www.dictionary.com/browse/xenophobia
  • Carter, R.T. (2007). Racism and psychological and emotional injury: Recognizing and assessing race-based traumatic stress. The Counseling Psychologist, 35(1), 13-105 (e.g., “Where are you really from?” or “You people all look the same to me.”) (Sue DW, Bucceri J, Lin AI, Nadal KL, Torino GC. Racial microaggressions and the Asian American experience. Asian Am J Psychol. 2009;S(1):88-101.)
  • https://drive.google.com/file/d/1mzNEU2ebTF_5OZUon-ovrt36x22nXcuE/view
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/2020/02/18/coronavirus-restaurants-suffer-wary-customers-stay-away/4753280002/
  • https://www.cbsnews.com/news/coronavirus-bullies-attack-asian-teen-los-angeles-accusing-him-of-having-coronavirus/
  • https://www.newsweek.com/new-york-subway-attack-coronavirus-woman-mask-1485842
  • https://nypost.com/2020/03/14/victim-of-possible-coronavirus-hate-crime-in-queens-speaks-out/ https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/03/uber-and-lyft-riders-of-asian-descent-face-coronavirus-panic.html
  • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-usa-discrimination-idUSKBN208063?utm_campaign=trueAnthem%253A+Trending+Content&utm_medium=trueAnthem&utm_source=facebook&fbclid=IwAR27zO8u7A5cn0-RgKzjxw2b2wltQTzyn9Q7fQw_BR5RRdubbrcwmmCVGYw
  • https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2020/02/18/how-covid-19-coronavirus-is-uncovering-anti-asian-racism/#1d27f48129a6
  • https://www.minitex.umn.edu/Training/DisplaySessionHandout.aspx?Title=Identifying%20and%20Responding%20to%20Microaggressions&SessionID=580
  • https://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/schools/lsoe_sites/isprc/pdf/racialtraumaisreal.pdf
  • https://twitter.com/JiayangFan/status/1240111033550766080
  • https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelyncorley/2020/04/14/boston-doctor-becomes-victim-of-covid-19-racism-here-is-how-we-should-respond/?fbclid=IwAR3_LWrEcs25uKOfN0PFv0Ok4iQZq4XqxVUOOosaDnwTDRzjzFNu5c-2byU#18f5b6973fa6
  • Sue, D. W., Bucceri, J., Lin, A. I., Nadal, K. L., & Torino, G. C. (2007). Racial microaggressions and the Asian American experience. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology, 13(1), 72.
  • Tummala-Narra, P., & Claudius, M. (2013). Perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms among immigrant-origin adolescents. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(3), 257.
  • https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelyncorley/2020/04/14/boston-doctor-becomes-victim-of-covid-19-racism-here-is-how-we-should-respond/?fbclid=IwAR3_LWrEcs25uKOfN0PFv0Ok4iQZq4XqxVUOOosaDnwTDRzjzFNu5c-2byU#35e287193fa6)
  • (https://societyforpsychotherapy.org/using-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-assist-individuals-facing-oppression/)
  • (https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelyncorley/2020/04/14/boston-doctor-becomes-victim-of-covid-19-racism-here-is-how-we-should-respond/?fbclid=IwAR3_LWrEcs25uKOfN0PFv0Ok4iQZq4XqxVUOOosaDnwTDRzjzFNu5c-2byU#35e287193fa6)
  • https://www.nsvrc.org/bystander-intervention-tips-and-strategies
  • (https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelyncorley/2020/04/14/boston-doctor-becomes-victim-of-covid-19-racism-here-is-how-we-should-respond/?fbclid=IwAR3_LWrEcs25uKOfN0PFv0Ok4iQZq4XqxVUOOosaDnwTDRzjzFNu5c-2byU#35e287193fa6

Suicide and Self-Harm

Authors Kimbery Hsiung, Joanne Huang, Lauren Lin, Jushua Ong, Audrey Lim, Christine Oh, Annie Yan Translation Credits Chinese: Zhenyu Zhang. Krsytal Wang, Yunzhuo Liu Korean: Ara Cho, Hyelee Kim, Dong-Chan Park, Peter Na References https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CU7IlcOWQIU6J7FtjZvYTPsRvUGloQtnX-PvS24DV0Y/edit

Suicide and Self-Harm Among Koreans

Authors Maya Son Translation Credits Korean - Ara Cho, Hyelee Kim, Dong-Chan Park, Peter Na References https://docs.google.com/document/d/1laIE22M-sF7ySus9kFY1VqfKQzPA2soXfMJW-q0PP-0/edit

Alcohol Use

Authors Dong-Chan Park Translation Credits Korean: Ara Cho, Hyelee Kim, Dong-Chan Park, Peter Na Chinese: Zhenyu Zhang. Krsytal Wang, Yunzhuo Liu References https://docs.google.com/document/d/1griRBZs698_hcMeb9N4ShAieA-kH5VF_ec0HiGuCEAU/edit

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